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Nobel prize-winners in Physics 1901-1950

1950
Cecil Powell
for a photographic method for studying nuclear reactions

1949
Hideki Yukawa
for theoretical work on nuclear physics

1948
Patrick Blackett
for the development of the Wilson cloud chamber and work in nuclear Physics

1947
Edward Appleton
for work on the upper atmosphere and the discovery of the Appleton layer

1946
Percy Bridgman
for work on high pressure Physics

1945
Wolfgang Pauli
for the discovery of the exclusion principle

1944
Isidor Rabi
for his method of recording the magnetic properties of atomic nuclei

1943
Otto Stern
for his discovery of the magnetic moment of the proton and development of the molecular ray model

1942
No individual award. The money was given to the Main Fund (1/3) and to the Special Fund (2/3).

1941
No individual award. The money was given to the Main Fund (1/3) and to the Special Fund (2/3).

1940
No individual award. The money was given to the Main Fund (1/3) and to the Special Fund (2/3).

1939
Ernest Lawrence
for the invention and development of the cyclotron

1938
Enrico Fermi
for work on the transmutation of elements by neutron bombardment

1937
Clinton Davisson and George Thomson
for the discovery of electron diffraction

1936
Victor Hess
for the discovery of cosmic radiation
Carl Anderson for the discovery of the positron

1935
James Chadwick
for the discovery of the neutron

1934
No individual award. The money was given to the Main Fund (1/3) and to the Special Fund (2/3).

1933
Erwin Schrödinger and Paul Dirac
for new theories of the atom

1932
Werner Heisenberg
for the proposal and development of quantum mechanics

1931
No individual award. The money was given to the Main Fund (1/3) and to the Special Fund (2/3).

1930
Chandrasekhara Raman
for work on the scattering of light and the Raman effect

1929
Louis de Broglie
for the discovery of the wave nature of electrons

1928
Owen Richardson
for work on thermionic emission

1927
Arthur Compton
for the discovery of the Compton Effect
Charles Wilson for the invention of the cloud chamber

1926
Jean Perrin
for work on the discontinuous structure of matter

1925
James Franck and Gustav Hertz
for work on the impacts of electrons on atoms

1924
Karl Siegbahn
for work on X ray spectroscopy

1923
Robert Millikan
for work on the charge on the electron and the photoelectric effect

1922
Niels Bohr
for work on the structure of the atom and the emission of radiation from atoms

1921
Albert Einstein
for work in theoretical Physics especially his law of photoelectric emission

1920
Charles Guillaume
for the discovery of anomalies in nickel steel alloys

1919
Johannes Stark
for the discovery of the splitting of spectral lines in magnetic fields

1918
Max Planck
for his discovery of the quantum nature of radiation and energy

1917
Charles Barkla
for the discovery of characteristic X ray emission of the elements

1916
No individual award. The money was given to the Special Fund.

1915
William Lawrence Bragg and William Henry Bragg
for work on crystal structure using X ray diffraction

1914
Max von Laue
for the discovery of X ray diffraction

1913
Heike Kamerlingh- Onnes
for his investigations of the behaviour of materials at low temperatures leading to the discovery of liquid helium

1912
Nils Dalen
for work on the automatic regulators in lighthouses

1911
Wilhelm Wien
for his laws of the transmission of heat radiation

1910
Johannes van der Waals
for his equation of state for liquids and gases

1909
Guglielmo Marconi and Carl Braun
for their work on wireless telegraphy

1908
Gabriel Lippmann
for work on colours and interference in photography

1907
Albert Michelson
for devising precision optical instruments and using them in spectroscopy and meteorology

1906
JJ Thompson
for theoretical and experimental work on the conduction of electricity

1905
Philipp Lenard
for work on cathode rays

1904
William Rayleigh
for the discovery of argon and work on the densities of gases

1903
Henri Becquerel, Pierre Curie and Marie Curie
for the discovery and work on radioactivity

1902
Hendrik Lorentz and Pieter Zeeman
for research into the effects of magnetism on radiation

1901
Wilhelm Roentgen
for the discovery of cathode rays

for further information visit: Nobel prizewinners
 
 
 
© Keith Gibbs 2007